Key message: Studying correctly means learning how to solve problems.
For the students, it is important to pass all examinations with the best possible results. Only a few have a clear idea of what they need to be able to do after their studies.
"Future employers [and society; F. S.] expect university graduates to solve problems in practice. These problems are not based on the traditional subject boundaries defined by study programs or research areas. Universities must teach students skills and students must acquire these skills themselves. This requires effort. It's about teaching and acquiring basic knowledge and methods, the ability to define and solve problems." (www.stifterverband.com/forum_hochschulraete/update/update_2013-02/schwerpunktthema/lange/index.html), 06.04.14, my translation)
An example: A doctor makes the diagnosis and decides on the therapy, which is carried out by a healthcare professional. (This does not mean that people who have graduated are the more valuable people. People who work well, no matter what their profession and thei degree is, are valuable.)
What is a problem and what is a task?
"If there is a problem there is a discrepancy between an actual and a desired value, there is a barrier between the two states
[that needs to be overcome] ... A task is a mental requirement, but the methods of coping with it are known. ...
The difference between problem and task depends on prior knowledge, ... i.e. the same situation can be a task for one person and a problem for another ... " (www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de/ae/allg/mitarb/ms/PH_Einfuehrung.pdf, S. 11, 02.04.14, pages 1 - 13 are of interest, my translation)
At the end of your studies you want to get your degree and you want to be prepared for a job. In order to be prepared for your job you need knowledge and skills.